Decline of American Manufacturing

U.S. Steel Lorain Works Blast Furnace

The closure is another example of the impact of the dumping of foreign steel on American manufacturing.

In 1894, Thomas Loftin Johnson moved the Johnson Steel Street Railway Company from Johnstown, Pennsylvania to Lorain, Ohio. Lorain had good shipping possibilities and was located close to raw materials. The steel plant helped Lorain’s struggling community to blossom as a growing city. In 1900, Johnson sold the plant to Lorain Steel Company, a subsidiary of Federal Steel Company, which became U.S. Steel. The plant was an important pipe supplier and became known as the National Tube Company. This name was changed in 1969 to the Lorain-Cuyahoga Works.

U.S. Steel Lorain Works Blast Furnace.


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